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In a 2l bowl, mix the yeast with the sugar and warm milk. Leave for a few minutes. A foam will form.
Add the egg and mix. Add butter, vanilla, rum and salt. Mix.
Add flour and mix with a spoon for 6-7 minutes. The shell is too soft to be mixed by hand.
Gather the whole crust from the edges with a spatula.
Cover the bowl with plastic wrap. Leave the bowl at room temperature until the crust doubles in volume (about an hour)
Remove the crust on the floured table. Sprinkle flour over the coca. Spread 1 cm thick sheet. Cut the sheet into squares with a side of 5 cm. On each square put ½ teaspoon of jam.
Gather the edges of the crust to form a dumpling. Repeat until you have made all the dumplings.
Grease a heat-resistant pan well with butter (and a pan is good). Pass a dumpling through melted butter, then through the nut + sugar mixture and put it in the pan. Repeat with the other dumplings and place them next to each other, not crowded. When you finish the first row, start another one on top. Finally pour the remaining butter and 2 tablespoons of walnuts on top. Let rise for half an hour. During this time, preheat the oven to 190C. Bake for 30-40 minutes at 180 C.
Remove the pan from the oven and let the dumplings cool a bit. Eat them warm.
The cold season is of hot, concentrated soups, either sweet or fasting, rightly considered natural medicines for all kinds of ailments. You do not have to rely only on them, go to the doctor or pharmacy, in case of colds or other medical problems, but research has shown that a balanced diet, and in our particular case the buds, bring benefits both to our daily condition and accelerate restores immunity and facilitates convalescence.
On the other hand, there follows a period of fasting in which we prepare our souls for the great holidays that follow and the body for the assault of fats specific to traditional Christmas or New Year dishes. We now find in Selgros a lot of seasonal products, the fruit of the autumn harvest: all kinds of roots perfect for soups or broths, onions of the variety and especially leeks - so sweet and good in stews, cauliflower, pumpkin, etc.
Whether you want to make creamy, creamy, hearty soups, or you want longer mugs in the cup as they say, it doesn't hurt to replace croutons or bread with other additives specific to the first course: dumplings, noodles or even pancakes.
We present below some old recipes of such delicacies, collected from the first cookbook printed in Bucharest, in 1847 (we worked after the 1849 edition), recipes collected and tried by Maria Maurer.
Who was Maria Maurer, we find out from Simona Lazăr who edited, transliterated, annotated and prefaced the latest edition of the book, which is currently being published by GastroArt:
“We know that she is the first female representative to publish a cookbook in the Romanian Lands. Too many "authors" did not exist in the rest of the continent (in Italy, the first author is reported in 1800), but since the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries we find their works in England, Germany, the United States and, finally, in France. . In our country, in the 19th century, four women will write gastronomy books, and in the 20th-21st centuries, they will dominate the genre literature market.“
We also know about Maria Maurer that she was Saxon, educated in the housekeeping schools and pedagogical institutions of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and that she had come to work in Bucharest half-baked, half still dependent on the mentalities of the caftan era, in which women had their place in family and society. The woman was - as Constantin Bacalbașa would write a little later - the minister of interior (interior)  of the Wallachian family, leading discreetly or with a strong hand the household (including cuhnia). In order to train these future wives and mothers - matrons, as they were called at the time - the local boyars made governesses / teachers educated in the West, to teach them both music, and embroidery, and culinary art (often just to know how to follow the slave cooks, and not to cook themselves). But, in 1843, Elisabeta Știrbey, the wife of Prince Barbu Știrbey, founded the first girls' school in Bucharest with teaching in Romanian. In the 1840s, when we find Maria Maurer in the capital of Wallachia, we can talk about a "Bucharest of pension girls" who were in great need of teachers with a big soul and the knowledge to teach a little bit of everything, including gastronomy. I searched for Maria Maurer's name in the documents of the Ministry of Cults and Public Instruction, at the National Archives of Romania (inventory 2533), but I did not find any document - this means: 1. Maria Maurer did not teach in any of the girls' public schools 2 she was not the director of any boarding house - because she would have needed the approval of the Ministry, for that 3. her cookbook, even if it was used in the boarding house where she teaches, was not recommended for use by public schools and boarding houses. We cannot be 100% sure of these conclusions - as I said before, it is an area still sufficiently explored, so that new information can appear at any time, changing the conclusions.
What do we know concretely? In those years there were (not yet) textbooks that were specific to the subjects taught in a girls' school, and they were written as the need arose. So with this collection of recipes that, at first, he had only used to study the ladies. We learn this from the preface to the two editions of 1849 (second and third): "This book, so necessary for marriage, was written by me two years ago only in favor of my beloved students, whom I raised by the little ones, and whose happiness I look at in the first wish of my life ”, writes Maria Maurer. Being dated "Bucharest 1849, May 1", the preface offers that "clue" that confused the authors of RCE, making them consider that the princeps edition appeared in 1847. In fact, she only says that she then wrote the collection of recipes - probably to make the process of teaching / assimilating household knowledge easier. Further, Maria Maurer tells us that "several honest and wise ladies" - who could be both members of the school board and mothers, aunts or grandmothers of her students - urged her to print her work, " in order to use others from it, because this is the first cookbook, written in the language and with the measures of Wallachia ”.
We know more about the author than what her writing reveals to us - rigorous and without flourishes, "chiseled" during the German school years. We no longer meet - as in the Kogălniceanu & amp Negruzzi couple - any style figure, but neither the well-dosed details from the recipes translated by Postelnicul Manolachi Drăghici (and which had as author one of the culinary art professionals from France of good taste). Maria Maurer's recipes are simple, easy to follow, easy to prepare. Only easy-to-prepare ingredients are used in Bucharest a century and a half ago - even if some will be amazed to find artichokes and capers here (in addition to the native Christian apples), they could be procured even then, because we were on the route of some exchanges trade between East and West and vice versa. Practical and accessible, with five (or maybe six) editions published in two decades - it is the best-selling cookbook in the 19th century in Romania”.
Dumplings and noodles: photo credit savoriurbane.com
Rub 50 ounces  of melted butter, well, until white  then put 2 tablespoons of water, a little salt and 4 eggs  one after the other  inside, mix them well and thicken them with a liter of good semolina and, when the meat juice boils, put egg-sized dumplings and boil them covered for half an hour. If it happens to swallow a lot of juice, pour more meat juice or some water into the soup.
At 50 drams [of] butter rubbed well, put 5 eggs one after the other, a little salt and grind the grated cheese , mix them well then make dumplings as big as walnuts, roll them  in flour and, after boiling the meat juice in a boil, put them inside  and boil them, covered, for half an hour.
Rub 50 ounces of butter with 3 tablespoons of water well until white and then put in 3 egg yolks, 3 whole eggs, a little salt, three tablespoons of good flour, three tablespoons of boiled and grated potatoes, mix well and, when the meat juice boils, put them inside and boil them for a quarter of an hour covered.
At 30 drams of well-rubbed butter, put 4 eggs one after the other, a little salt and 50 drams of good flour, beat them well then make dumplings and boil them like potato dumplings.
Take a piece of boiled or fried meat, the size of a goose egg, chop it, with a little onion and parsley leaf, finely chop 50 ounces [of] butter until white, add a pinch of salt, 4 eggs one after the other , the minced meat, a grated bagel and two tablespoons of good flour, mix them well then make dumplings the size of a walnut, roll them in flour and, when the meat juice boils, throw them inside and boil them , covered, half an hour.
Grease a tray well with butter, sprinkle it with a loaf of bread or grated bagel  and put any crust you want  of the above written  inside, bake it in a nice brown oven then cut it small into four corners, put it in the meat juice and let it boil for a quarter of an hour.
Beat 6 eggs with a pinch of salt and 2 tablespoons of flour as well as then, when the meat juice boils, drop with the spoon inside and let them boil for a minute, then put them on the table.
Take  each person a pancake, cut them into noodles, put them in a bowl, pour hot meat juice over them and put them on the table.
Golden milk with turmeric and honey
I found out about golden milk, in fact about & # 8220golden milk & # 8221 because it was an article in English, browsing, as usual, the internet. The article was illustrated with a cup containing a really golden liquid, very enticing to me. That's when I learned about the health benefits of this drink.
Turmeric entered my kitchen late and hard. Although I declare myself curious and open at any time to new tastes, when it comes to definitively adopting an ingredient and using it myself constantly in my pans, I am quite stubborn. So it was with turmeric, but look, I was finally convinced by this golden powder, and now I use it with pleasure and increase in all kinds of recipes.
Much is written about turmeric. A simple search on Google makes you dizzy because you do not know what to read first and then the question inevitably arises whether everything written there is true or not. Naturally, we are more easily convinced of the benefits of any tea plant that grows on the hills of the homeland, than of herbs and powders that come from nowhere and do not belong to our culture.
Certainly everything that is written about turmeric has been well documented for centuries in other lands and it is true, because too many, too varied and too unanimously agree are the sources of information. I take for granted what I read and I trust. But to be honest, the hope of miracles for my family's health doesn't necessarily make me use it. I just like turmeric. I like its subtle aroma, almost imperceptible, but still very present in any preparation I would add.
I like the color it leaves in egg-free doughs, such as salty dough, for example, or in vegetable soup. I also like to add it to the jar of honey and cinnamon so I have it handy for teas. But I just hadn't thought about putting it in milk at all. After seeing the article about & # 8220golden milk & # 8221 I almost slapped my forehead: & # 8220You know, how come I didn't think of that alone“?
A cup of golden milk now, in the cold season, it's more than welcome for anyone. In addition to all the health benefits of turmeric, it is an excellent, comforting drink with good taste. Everyone can personalize their cup of turmeric milk as they like, adding their favorite flavors: vanilla, cinnamon, anise, etc. The obligatory ingredients are only turmeric and pepper, without which the absorption of health benefits cannot be done correctly. I also add a little coconut butter to give it a little creaminess and a more pleasant aroma.
The preparation is as simple as possible: heated milk, over which turmeric powder is added (it does not make lumps), coconut oil, a little pepper and then sweetener and the rest of the flavors, according to taste. From what I read, golden milk is usually made with vegetable milk, be it almond, rice, soy, etc. It's not clear to me why, and I don't necessarily care about that. If we are fasting, I care about the appearance, if not, I do it with whatever milk I have in the fridge and I simply enjoy my tasteful drink.
Turmeric is not expensive at all and is very spicy, given that it is used in very small quantities. You can find it in health food stores or you can order it online from Vegis.
Golden Milk & # 8211 A recipe to cure insomnia, obesity and liver disease
Have you heard of golden milk? The drink that has become very popular in recent years, rightly so. Here's why.
Some people choose to enjoy a glass of warm golden milk in the evening, before going to bed, while others enjoy it in the morning, instead of coffee, proving to be the perfect alternative.
For those who don't know what golden milk is, it's time to find out. This drink has nothing to do with classic milk, the product of animal origin.
It is almond or coconut milk, so vegetable milk, and the key ingredient is a famous spice for its properties: turmeric (turmeric).
Here's what you need to make this miraculous golden milk drink:
- a cup of almond or coconut milk
- 1 teaspoon turmeric powder (turmeric)
Mix turmeric milk in a pan over low heat. The liquid should only be heated, not boiled. After mixing, turn off the heat and add the honey. Here are the amazing benefits of this golden milk:
- If you drink it before bed, it will help with digestive problems, that's why turmeric is also called the miraculous spice. So, it will improve your digestion, you will get rid of bloating, gas and gastric reflux, heartburn. Turmeric stimulates the bile naturally, and this drink can get rid of indigestion. Moreover, regular administration of the miracle spice quickly gets rid of extra pounds, speeding up the metabolism.
- It's an incredible liver tonic. Laboratory tests and multiple studies have proven the amazing ability of turmeric to fight fatty liver and prevent liver cirrhosis. The liver is the central control of all chemicals that enter the body, it processes all substances, including air pollution, additives in processed foods or drugs administered for various diseases. The hepatoprotective and detoxifying action of turmeric reduces the impact of these toxic substances on the liver.
- Improves skin texture. Externally applied turmeric, in the form of a facial mask, visibly contributes to improving the texture of the skin. Eliminates fine wrinkles, reduces acne, fades scars, gets rid of rosacea or rashes. Internal administration intensifies all these effects.
- It has anticancer properties. It has been shown, turmeric fights cancer cells and prevents them from spreading. It is very effective against cancers of the breast, prostate, skin, colon and lung. In the early stages, it is much easier to stop the spread of cancer cells. If you regularly drink vegetable milk with turmeric, you will be able to prevent the growth of malignant tumors, even stopping them, in the early stages.
- Fights insomnia, naturally. It acts like a sleeping pill. Any warm milk drunk in the evening has sedative effects, but the vegetable mixed with turmeric transmits a state of deep relaxation, and the effect will be the desired one: a deep, peaceful and restful sleep.
Turmeric tea & # 8211 recipe
Turmeric tea is usually made with milk. If you want to use water, try the recipe below. First prepare a paste of turmeric and honey, with an optional addition of pepper (which increases the absorption capacity of turmeric in the body) and ginger (which improves the taste of tea).
• 2 ½ tablespoons of turmeric powder
• 1 ½ teaspoons of ground black pepper
• 1 cup of honey
• 2 tablespoons ginger (optional)
The ingredients are for a larger amount of pasta, which can be stored in the refrigerator for daily use.
Take a glass jar and put the ingredients in layers: a layer of honey, a layer of turmeric and a layer of ginger. Continue like this until you run out of quantities. Finally mix with a spoon or knife in a jar. Store this paste in the refrigerator. The jar must be tightly closed.
→ How to use this tea paste
To make a tea, put 1 teaspoon of paste in a cup of hot water. Squeeze a little lemon juice for a more pleasant aroma.
You can read more about the benefits of turmeric in these articles:
Lollipops in gold leaf with cherries and walnuts
For these lollipops you do not need to touch the oven or stove. They are "naughty" lollipops made of biscuits and nuts, filled with maraschino cherries soaked in white rum. I also gilded them, as for special occasions, and on one side I gave them pistachios. If you give up white rum, they are only good for the little ones. Gold doesn't make sense if it's for children either. They see the world differently & # 8230
The NBR's gold reserve reached 103.6 tons. How much is Romania's gold worth?
At the same time, the foreign exchange reserves at the National Bank of Romania (BNR) stood at the level of 35,709 million euros, compared to 35,139 million euros on February 28, 2021.
During March, there were inflows of 2,019 million euros, representing the change of minimum foreign exchange reserves constituted by credit institutions, replenishment of accounts of the Ministry of Finance, replenishment of the account of the European Commission, etc., and outflows of 1,449 million euros, representing changes in minimum foreign currency reserves consisting of credit institutions, payments of installments and interest on account of public debt denominated in foreign currency and others.
Romania's international reserves (currencies plus gold) on March 31, 2021 were 40,497 million euros, compared to 39,992 million euros on February 28, 2021.
Payments due in April 2021 on account of public debt denominated in foreign currency, direct or guaranteed by the Ministry of Finance, amount to about 265 million euros.
Golden milk - Get rid of obesity, insomnia and liver disease. How is it prepared
For those who don't know what golden milk is, it's time to find out. This drink has nothing to do with classic milk, the product of animal origin.
Here's what you need to make this miraculous drink, golden milk:
- 1 cup of almond or coconut milk
- 1 teaspoon turmeric powder (turmeric)
- raw honey
Method of preparation:
Mix turmeric milk in a pan over low heat. The liquid should only be heated, not boiled. After mixing, turn off the heat and add the honey.
Here are the amazing benefits of this golden milk:
If you drink it before bed, it will help you with digestive problems, that's why turmeric is also called the miraculous spice. So, it will improve your digestion, you will get rid of bloating, gas and gastric reflux, heartburn.
Turmeric stimulates the bile naturally, and this drink can get rid of indigestion. Moreover, regular administration of the miracle spice will quickly get rid of extra pounds, accelerating metabolism.
It is an incredible liver tonic.
Laboratory tests and multiple studies have shown the amazing ability of turmeric to fight fatty liver and prevent liver cirrhosis.
The liver is the central command of all chemicals that enter the body, it processes all substances, including air pollution, additives in processed foods or drugs administered for various diseases.
The hepatoprotective and detoxifying action of turmeric reduces the impact of these toxic substances on the liver.
Improves skin texture.
Externally applied turmeric, in the form of a facial mask, visibly contributes to improving the skin texture. Eliminates fine wrinkles, reduces acne, fades scars, will get rid of rosacea or rashes. Internal administration intensifies all these effects.
It has anticancer properties.
It has been shown, turmeric fights cancer cells and prevents them from spreading. It is very effective against cancers of the breast, prostate, skin, colon and lung. In the early stages, it is much easier to stop the spread of cancer cells.
If you regularly drink vegetable milk with turmeric, you will be able to prevent the growth of malignant tumors, even stopping them, in the early stages.
It acts like a sleeping pill. Any warm milk drunk in the evening has sedative effects, but the vegetable mixed with turmeric transmits a state of deep relaxation, and the effect will be the desired one: a deep, peaceful and restful sleep. So, the benefits of this drink are truly spectacular!
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Golden Mask Awards Gala, Divertis brand. Toni Grecu talks for the first time about what trophies Donald Trump and Angela Merkel will receive
The show “Cu capu-n zori”, presented by Gabriel Fereșteanu and Liza Sabău, had as guest Toni Grecu from Divertis who spoke about the “Golden Mask Awards Gala”, a specially prepared show that promises to arouse general laughter: “On the 30th I prepared a program I think is interesting, which is called the Golden Mask, it is the Golden Mask Gala. We give prizes for the most important characters from Romania and from outside Romania who made the year 2020 happier in the context of the pandemic ", the comedian announced.
He also confessed that those who will watch TVR 1 on December 30 at 21:00, will have a lot of surprises and the fun is guaranteed, because among those who will receive the awards there are also exceptional celebrities: “ They are not necessarily invited. The awards are given to individuals of great caliber. ”
Among those who will "go home" with the "Golden Mask" trophy are great personalities of the planet, but also some locals. Among them, Ludovic Orban is one of the lucky ones who will receive appreciation and praise, but also a trophy: “You will watch this show and you will not come to believe what exceptional things are happening. You will see Ludovic Orban dancing like only he knows how to dance. On the 30th you will see him, he will dance to a song, It’s called the final lockdown. I tell you honestly, it's a great show ", joked Toni Grecu.
He also revealed that among the winners are Donald Trump, for the "Golden Hair Mask", the Chinese leader Xi Jinping, but also Angela Merkel. However, the artist regrets that they could not award a prize to Russian President Vladimir Putin: “I am sorry that I did not give a prize to Putin. We wanted to give her a pair of noviciok panties (n.r. the lethal toxin with which the leader of the Russian opposition was poisoned, this being put in her underwear, according to the information). I didn't tell him that this story with the panties with noviciok happened yesterday the day before yesterday, and we gave them the prizes last week ", concluded Toni Grecu, who invited the viewers to watch the award ceremony on December 30 at 21:00 on TVR 1.
The most popular salads in the dietary version: 5 golden recipes! Even the "Boeuf" salad has the dietary option!
Salad is an indispensable food on the holiday table, being the most requested cold snack. Today the team Bucătarul.eu has prepared 5 the most popular festive salads, which are indispensable for the holidays. All salads are presented in the dietary version, they are healthy, incredibly tasty, rich in nutrients and low in calories. The salads are very appetizing and will instantly disappear from the table. Prepare healthy salads for your loved ones, without mayonnaise and excess fat!
1. Salad & # 8220Parizel & # 8221
& # 8211 2-3 tablespoons canned corn
& # 8211 1 smoked leg (skinless and boned)
Method of preparation
1. Cut the cucumber into thin strips and place in the bowl.
2. Unwrap the chicken strips and add it to the cucumbers.
3. Cut the other vegetables into small pieces and add the corn.
4. Season the salad with salt and pepper, sprinkle with chopped dill, add the cream and mix.
5. The tasty salad is ready.
Note: 100 g of salad contains only 75.21 kcal.
2. French-style layered salad
& # 8211 kefir or yogurt to taste
Method of preparation
1. Grate: eggs, carrots, apples (peeled) and cheese.
2. Chop the minced garlic.
3. Finely chop the onion, boil it with boiling water, then keep it in ice water for 3 minutes and put it in a small sieve to drain the water.
4. Place the salad in layers: 1 layer & # 8211 onion, 2 layer & # 8211 apples, 3 layer & # 8211 boiled eggs, 4 layer & # 8211 carrot + garlic, 5 layer & # 8211 cheese. Repeat the layers.
5. Season the salad with kefir or yogurt to taste.
6. Refrigerate the salad for 1-1.5 hours to soak.
Note: 100 g of salad contains only 83.99 kcal.
3. Salad & # 8220Boeuf & # 8221 light
& # 8211 1 can of canned green peas (315 g)
& # 8211 1 boiled chicken breast (500 g)
& # 8211 400 g of fresh cucumbers
& # 8211 1 teaspoon mustard (10 g)
Method of preparation
1. Finely chop all the ingredients, add the green peas and mix.
3. Prepare the sauce: mix the yogurt and mustard.
4. Add the sauce to the salad, mix and add more yogurt and salt, if necessary.
Note: 100 g of salad contains only 75.38 kcal.
4. Dietary salad & # 8220Caesar & # 8221
& # 8211 100 g lettuce (I used iceberg lettuce)
& # 8211 4 quail eggs (40 g) or 1 chicken egg
& # 8211 salt and pepper mixture to taste
Ingredients for the sauce
Method of preparation
1. Wash the lettuce leaves, dry them and refrigerate them until you serve the salad.
2. Cut the chicken breast along and marinate it with salt and pepper mixture.
3. Cover the chest with cling film and refrigerate for 30 minutes (or overnight).
4. Preheat the oven to 200 degrees.
5. Boil the quail eggs and prepare the croutons: cut the bread, remove the crust and bake them on a pan greased with oil for 10-13 minutes.
6. Prepare the sauce: mix the yogurt and mustard, add the crushed garlic and salt to taste.
7. Place the marinated chicken on the oven rack, place a tray lined with foil underneath to drain the fat. Bake the chicken for up to 20 minutes.
8. Assemble the salad from the prepared leaves, sprinkle them with sauce and grate the Parmesan cheese.
9. Place the chopped chicken breast on top and sprinkle with sauce again.
10. Place the croutons and sprinkle with sauce.
11. Grate Parmesan cheese on top, decorate the salad with cherry tomatoes and quail eggs.
12. Serve the salad immediately.
Note: 100 g of salad contains only 100.72 kcal.
5. Salad & # 8220Mercur & # 8221
& # 8211 300-400 g of boiled chicken
& # 8211 low fat cream
Method of preparation
1. Scald the prunes and cut them.
2. Cut the chicken or cut it into strips.
3. Fry the onions and mushrooms.
4. Put all the ingredients in the following order: prunes, chicken, onions with mushrooms, grated eggs, grated cucumber.
5. Grease each layer with cream, except the layer of onion with mushrooms. It is desirable to salt each layer a little.
Note: 100 g of salad contains only 117.76 kcal.